tv BBC World News America PBS June 10, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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objectives. we offer expertise and solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." gain controlemists of mosul, i met -- a rock's second-biggest -- iraq's second-biggest city. in an exclusive interview, the leader of the united nations tells me the dire consequences if a political solution in syria does not come soon. >> it will be a fatal mistake. >> and, capturing a candid view of new york. armed with his camera and
instagram account, this photographer is making quite an impression. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. isq's second city of mosul under the control of islamist militants you are allies of al qaeda -- who are allies of al qaeda. members of the iraqi armed forces have abandoned their posts. it comes as a major blow to the government in baghdad, which responded by calling for a state of emergency to be declared. , a wealthy sophisticated city, is collapsing into violence and destruction. vehicles abandoned
and burning by the roadside comes the sound of ammunition exploding. like aingly, iraq seems country at war with itself. qaedasts from the al affiliate known as the islamic state in iraq and the levant are in charge now. >> people have left for their homes -- left from their homes. will iraq accept this? >> the army dissolved. they were terrified. they fled, so we left, too. >> the commanders were the first to flee, leaving the soldiers alone. the commanders are to blame. >> no order, no discipline, no hope. in the last few days, tens of thousands of people have escaped from this part of northern iraq.
the danger is iraq could break into component parts, sunni, shia, and kurdish, with unknown consequences for the people who live here. and the government of nouri al-maliki, this is a critical moment. the situation has been getting worse all year. in january the key town of falluja was taken over by extremists affiliated with al qaeda. they are still there. in february there were elections , but no government has yet been formed. in this power vacuum the gunmen are thriving. almost daily, bombings are ignored in the outside world. in may alone 800 died. in december 2011, american forces quietly left iraq after eight years. thousands of western troops had died and hundreds of thousands,
maybe more, iraqis. >> this is an opportunity for iraq to forge ahead on the path to security and prosperity. >> but today the view from washington of the islamist threat was a lot more realistic. >> the threat is not just a threat to iraq or the stability of iraq, but a threat to the region. >> in iraq itself, a weak government is struggling to hold the country together, and the second city is in fundamentalist hands. the americans and british are not likely to come back. iraq is on its own. john simpson, bbc news. >> for more on the follow-up mosul -- follow-up -- fall of mosul, i asked our guest. tell us more about the state of preparedness of the iraqi
forces. >> it tells us about the extent of ambition isis -- islamic state of iraq and syria -- has. they are willing to attack the second-largest city, one that would have serious offenses. leader, us about its who was now far and away the most dangerous man in the world, the most successful terrorist leader possibly in modern times. iraq split into component parts? >> people have predicted that and have been proven wrong. i believe iraq can hold together as a country, but the fact that it's second biggest city can fall to a terrorist group suggests a lot needs to be done, repairing relations between the sunni and shia, kurds and arabs, before the country can return to normal. >> did the u.s. decision to
fully withdraw from iraq healthy extremists? >> is certainly did, but it is not as if the u.s. had a choice in the matter. the government of nouri al-maliki wanted the americans to leave. they gave assurances to the iraqi people that they can keep terrorists at bay after the americans left. they have patently failed. >> is a the refusal of the government to share power with sunnis that is driving the resentment? >> it certainly created the atmosphere in which isis drive -- could drive, but their leader has greater ambition. he sees himself as an emir, a modern ruler who holds territory. that is what makes him unique. osama bin laden did not hold and rule territory. what he is trying to create is more analogous to the taliban when it ran afghanistan. he is trying to create a country. >> the u.s. is calling for a
strong coordinated response, but who is going to leave that? >> clearly not the u.s. it would have to be the iraqis who take the lead, and they have not proven themselves a very good at it. not just in mosul, but in other parts of the country as well. a rallying cry from the u.s. will not have a great impact on the ground. this is going to be a matter of how well iraqi forces can rally around their leadership and put up a serious challenge. it will depend on the kurdish militias, some of whom are absorbed into the iraqi military, some of whom are still outside, and what they do. they regard mosul as an important city as well. >> americans seeing the fall of mosul may ask, what was the invasion of iraq for? >> we have seen the fall of falluja, which resonates in this country because it was a place were two huge battles were fought. i was watching and one of them.
american blood and treasure was expended in trying to expel these, the forebears of these very same terrorists. and yes, as an american it does make you wonder what that blood and treasure was shed in aid of. >> thank you so much for joining us. >> for the second day, karachi was a scene of assault near pakistan's biggest airport. gunmen fired at a training camp used by security forces just outside the airport perimeter. the pakistani taliban says it was responsible, and claims it was behind the monday attack at the cargo terminal that left 30 people dead. >> a new gunfight today on the edge of pakistan's busiest airport. the target was a building close to the airport perimeter used by the specialist airport security force for training and weapons storage. the clash erupted when two
gunmen tried to enter the security building, firing shots. they then fled as the army and police brought in reinforcements and fought back as they pursued them over an hour. >> at the moment, the situation is 100% under control. no terrorist is present in the area. no one has penetrated security. we are operating normally. >> pakistan's prime minister nawaz sharif called for the attackers to be eliminated. today the bodies of seven more victims from sunday's attack were returned. they took refuge in a cold storage building and died before they could be rescued. there are tragic echoes of the cycle of violence that accompanied taliban militancy at months after, only peace negotiations made a halting start. bbc news, islam about -- islamabad.
>> the u.s. and iran held negotiations over tehran's nuclear program for the second straight day in geneva. right now the two sides remain far apart. does the leader of the united nations hold out hope they will be an agreement by july 20? during an exclusive interview, i asked secretary-general ban ki-moon about that and the chances of reaching a political solution to end the crisis in syria. do you think it is realistic for iran and world powers to reach an agreement on iran's nuclear program by the end of july? >> i hope the july 20 deadline will be met, and i'm urging both parties to work even harder. at the same time, the most recent iaea report states they have been rather assured cooperation from the iranian
side. >> if iran is serious about wanting a peaceful program, why? >> they have repeatedly said they are committed to peaceful resolution of the nuclear development program, so they have to show now their sincerity. >> another topic, secretary-general. lakhdar brahimi says syria will become a failed state run by warlords. is he right? >> it is true syria has been destroyed by fighting between t wo parts of their own people. it is sad. if this continues this way, it will be a failed state. before it's too late, we have defined a political solution. >> president assad just won reelection in the elections widely denounced as being a
sham. he seems to have the upper hand militarily. does president assad want a political solution at this point? >> i believe he knows that there is only a political solution. there is no military option. i have been making that consistently clear together with lakhdar brahimi. i am urging that the two parties should sit down together. the u.n. is ready to resume the third geneva conference. >> you said it is shameful that more than 200,000 people in syria are living under siege. why is it that you do not create more urgency? >> i have been working very closely with the security council members, particularly the permanent members. i know the council members on our urging have tabled a draft resolution which will facilitate
cross-border humanitarian assistance. i sincerely hope the security council will adopt this resolution as soon as possible. >> the security council passed a resolution saying humanitarian aid was delivered -- should be delivered, and it was completely ignored. what difference can this make to the people of syria? >> it is very frustrating that the security council has not been able to adopt this very important decision. when it comes to humanitarian assistance, the security council should be more united. millions now accommodated as refugees, almost 3 million people, half the population. 9.5 million people have been affected either by government operations or opposition. we are determined to push for
humanitarian assistance. >> does the suffering in syria keep you awake at night? >> it is sad. i am really sorry to see all these refugees and people and particularly children. when i met many young children in refugee camps, i was wonde ring what their future will be. and what will they be thinking about us, our generation? why they have to suffer this kind of a tragedy. not because of -- it really night.e awake every >> secretary-general, thank you very much. >> thank you. such a great pleasure. >> in other news, police in the state of oregon say a student has been shot dead at a high school.
large numbers of armed officers rushed to the school near the city of portland after reports of gunfire. they found the shooter was already dead. students were evacuated from the school with their hands on their heads and later reunited with their parents in a supermarket parking lot. u.s. military sources have confirmed that five american soldiers have been killed accidentally by their own side in southern afghanistan. killed ins were also the incident that happened on monday during a joint operation of afghan and u.s. troops. six people have been killed by violence runs in northwest germany. most of the victims were killed by falling trees. trains were canceled and diverted in dust north and cologne. gusts of wind reached more than 130 kilometers an hour. forecasters are issuing warnings for hanover and bremen. the president of world cup football's governing body, fifa, bases growing calls to step
down. the head of the dutch association says sepp blatter should step down because fifa has been damaged by corruption allegations. disputed that bribery allegations surrounding the 2022 world cup were baseless. still to come -- down to the wire in brazil. with two days to go into the world cup kicks off, will they be ready in time? hearings have begun in seoul for 15 crewmembers onboard a south korean ferry that sank in april. reports.iamson a warning -- there is flash photography. >> from was two months, they have been labeled guilty. today they began their trial. captain lee was among those
facing the most serious charges of homicide through willful negligence. a conviction could mean the death penalty, though south korea has not executed anyone from us 20 years. at the court, the families of some of those who died. one held a banner -- " you are not human," it read. the sturdy guards removed it from the court. the proceedings be getting the trial, -- beginning the trial, a massive interest in the case. many believe the south korean media has already tried and convicted captain lee. images of him being rescued with passengers still on board were replayed on television networks during the disaster as news emerged that hundreds of passengers had died. the president later labeled the actions of captain lee and his crew as "tantamount to murder," and according to local media
many private law forms -- law firms have refused to defend them. the incident has shaken south koreans' relationship with their government. some key figures are still unaccounted for. the head of the ferry company has so far even did a nationwide manhunt. lawrence -- warrants have been issued for him and his children. catching him a group difficult, but the past two months are anything to go by ensuring him a fair trial may be harder still. bbc news, seoul. >> just two days to go before the opening match of the world cup in brazil. the only question asked more than who will win is, will brazil be ready in time? frantically completing preparations on the stadium. after a recent strike, there are worries about the transit system
coping with the crush of visitors. our correspondent from rio de janeiro sent this report. >> it has taken some time, but the green and gold is out and there are smiles on faces as brazilians start to show some pride in their world cup. >> my brazil is strong. >> sneaking a peek at sao paulo's new stadium. it has all come down to the last minutes. this is one of six avms -- stadiums delivered late. construction work and safety testing on temporary stands all happening in the last few days. safety concerns and overspending led to arguments between brazil and fifa. there have been allegations of corruption and delivery delays, all reluctant by officials. >> we are responsible.
we are responsible for the financial support we bring to a country. there is no corruption. >> but hundreds of thousands of brazilians are indignant at the billions being spent on the world cup. on the streets protesting for the last year, they say they will disrupt the tournament itself despite government threats to use force. >> there will be struggles during the world cup. >> it is not for us. it is for fifa. the world cup in brazil is for fifa, not for the people. >> in some areas this is what it has taken to secure the world cup. the army sent into one of rio's smallest neighborhoods, midway between the airport and the city center. this has been a bad year and a half for brazil. images they would rather the world did not see. even now, they're still
building essential structures. will they be ready in time for the world cup? probably yes, but many things will be left to chance. fans from england and across the globe are descending on rio. they know what this country can deliver. partying and beaches aside, this is a huge challenge for brazil, and the world will be watching. bbc news, rio de janeiro. >> a quick reminder. you can find much more on the world cup on our website. on.com/sport and clicked "brazil 2014." our colleague is in brazil for the duration of the tournament. he has already been busy tweeting, and has even found of our film a tour studio. you take a look. you can bet a lot of people at the world cup will be posting photos for all to see. few would leave their jobs to make a living from the lens.
that is exactly what daniel arnold did after his instagram pictures became popular. they won him praise, in the prophet -- and the profits follow. we went to meet him in manhattan. >> my name is daniel arnold. i am a photographer living in brooklyn, new york. i have been fanatically photographing new york the whole time i have been here, 11 years. it got to the point where i always had a camera in my hand, trying to capture things as they happen. not interrupted. not asking for permission. not posting anything. these two ladies sitting on a central park bench. they have a poodle that they're paying no attention to. they both looked disgusted, and another doc comes by and the poodle rears up making this horrible face. sometimes you feel moved by something. just some quirk or auditing --
oddity about whatever is going by that makes you want to take it with you. there is something about timelessness where people -- it realyly draws me to them. maybephotos on instagram two years ago. luckily right off the bat i got a really good response. the fact that pressed the button, and whatever i just saw goes to 52,000 people, it is incredible. it is unheard of. april fools' day last year i quit a job that nickelodeon. my occupation to this point is just to go and wander. a few months ago, the day before birthday, flat broke, i put a post on instagram that said, sent me a screenshot of your favorite photo and $150 and
i will send you a print. i thought this is crazy, i will sell three or four of them and pay rent and cigarette had to eat tomorrow. instead i pulled 1 -- sold 100 in one day. a few things i feel very proud of. i get a comment frequently that once they start paying attention to my work they start seeing things differently, and that is so cool. i have been able to translate those first more personally gratifying successes into some traditional work. i have gotten several editorial jobs. i have done some commercial work. the assignment is -- just go do your thing. that is what they tell me. go do what you do. that is, i mean -- such a life. >> daniel arnold on his photographs, which have become an instagram hit. that brings today's show from
new york to a close. you can find much more on our website. bbceach me and most of the team, just go to twitter. for all of us here, thank you for watching, and please do tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed that commercial banks oh their clients strength, stability, security.
captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: islamist insurgents seized control of iraq's second largest city today, after staging an audacious assault that forced government soldiers and police to run away. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. also ahead this tuesday, from primetime t.v. to a cross- country book tour, hillary clinton's out selling a hefty new memoir. but is she also laying the groundwork for another campaign for president? >> woodruff: and from high atop the shenandoah mountains, the story of a project connecting today's young adults to yesterday's storied structures. >> it continues a historical conversation that started in the